The Principles of Art

PRINCIPLES OF ART: Balance, emphasis, movement, proportion,
rhythm, unity, and variety; an artist uses the principles to organize
the elements within a work of art. Using the elements of art as building blocks to create art, artist can apply 2 or more principles of art when making an artwork.

This lesson will be done before the Tinga-Tinga drawing. The Pages will be the sketchbook using the requirements below.


Sketchbook Project

Classroom Assignment: In your sketchbook, students will create a design page for each of the follow Principles of Art below. Each page must include a Title, definition, and required visual representations.

  • Unity/Variety: Draw and find a visual examples of Unity. Find and Draw examples of Variety.
  • Balance: Draw a visual examples of symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial design. Define all types of balance.
  • Emphasis (Contrast): create emphasis or contrast using line or shape, emphasis with color, and emphasis using size.
  • Movement- draw and/or find examples two examples of movement in art (one actual example and one implied example).
  • Proportion/Scale- Take a photo of something in “normal” scale and then another photo of something out of proportion. (You will use your phone for this. I will print out the images.) Also, find an artwork example of scale/proportion either in a magazine or online or students can draw an example of scale/proportion.
  • Rhythm/Repetition- create or find a visual example of static, active, and directional rhythm. Write definition for the three types of rhythm.