The Principles of Art

PRINCIPLES OF ART: Balance, emphasis, movement, proportion,
rhythm, unity, and variety; the means an artist uses to organize
elements within a work of art. Using the elements of art as building blocks to create art, artist can apply 2 or more principles of art when making an artwork.

This unit will be in two parts. Part on will be the sketchbook project adding a design page for each principle. Part two includes making a stencil that can be used to make a book.


Sketchbook Project

Classroom Assignment: In your sketchbook, students will create a design page for each of the follow Principles of Art below. Each page must include a Title, definition, and required visual representations.

  • Unity/Variety: Draw or find a visual example of Unity and Variety.
  • Balance: Draw a visual examples of symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial design. Define all types of balance.
  • Emphasis (Contrast): create a contrast black and white design, emphasis with color, and emphasis using size.
  • Movement- draw and find examples of movement in art (two examples).
  • Proportion/Scale- Take a photo of something in “normal” scale and then another photo of something out of proportion. Find an example of scale/proportion.
  • Rhythm/Repetition- create or find a visual example of static, active, and directional rhythm. Write definition for the three types of rhythm.


Principles of Art Project

Excellent Example of Principle of Art
Good Example of Principles of Art Project